San Bernardino County
University of California
San Bernardino County

San Bernardino County Blogs

Hands on Bread Class November 15: Rise your bread with BACTERIA, not yeast: Salt Rising Bread


Will you attend the Hands On Bread class tomorrow??  I hope you will be able to be there.  Everyone, even if you will not be able to enjoy the class in person, please take a look at the links below about a different sort of bread . . . bread can be made in many ways . . .!


I love reading and looking through bread recipes and cookbooks. I hit on salt-rising bread (again) and it  sounded interesting to me. Never made it, but have heard and read about it on and off for years. I hit on this article which I found very enjoyable. I thought I would share it with you for your general interest and little bit of educational and fascinating history.

Have you ever heard of Salt Rising Bread?  Much like a sourdough, you cultivate a starter to make your bread rise. Unlike a sourdough, which is a yeast and lacto-bacilli culture, a salt rising bread relies on a culture of Clostridium Perfringens and other bacteria to make  bread rise. Salt is not used to leaven the dough and the bread is not salty tasting. Cooked bread is perfectly safe to eat.

The culture can be persnickety to start, very particular to keep alive and requires a higher incubation temperature than sourdough. It is supposed to be "smelly", likened to some ripe cheeses. I guess some would call it fragrant, others say it is stinky.

 Salt-rising bread is said be different tasting than sourdough, with its own certain flavor, but delicious. Have you ever made any or tasted any?  If you have, please let me know what you think of it.

Any way, fermentation this is and not your usual sourdough fermentation! Read about salt-rising bread's history in a good article at Garden and Gun Magazine:  "A Vanishing Appalachian Bread Tradition  The story of salt-rising bread." 

And for your further information here is another article Salt Rising Bread that points out exactly what Clostridium Perfringens can cause when it has the opportunity!     


Additional information for your elucidation and your education (I like that beat!):





Posted on Wednesday, November 14, 2018 at 6:00 AM
Tags: applachian (1), bread (2), cheese (1), fermentation (3), salt-rising (1), stinky (1)

Seed-Sharing Time in the San Bernardino Mountains

Wild Sunflowers on Highway 18 near Skyforest, California    photo by Michele Martinez

Seeds are ripe when they shake in the pod, are easily removed from the plant, and/or are turning dark in color. -- from Seed Collection Guidelines for California Native Plant Species, Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, by Michael Wall, Seed...

Posted on Wednesday, November 7, 2018 at 9:00 AM
Focus Area Tags: Environment

Hands On Bread Class: All Hands On - Sign Up NOW!

Next month, learn to bake sourdough bread!  Work hands-on with the dough--for not very much dough!  A great class is coming up quickly so sign up today!






Posted on Thursday, October 11, 2018 at 6:00 AM
Tags: bread (2), class (9), fermentation (3), hands-on (1), sourdough (1)

From Darrell Fluman: Prize Winning Fermented pickles and Very Good Contest Advice

Belated info from fellow Master Food Preserver Darrell Fluman. (Sorry I have been so late on this Darrell!)


Direct from Darrell:

On Sunday Aug 05, 2018 --

I entered two items in the Beverly Hills Farmers Market Pickle Fest Competition.

"I Can Pickle That". 10 contestants. First Place for Russian Watermelon Pickles, a nice ribbon and a $100 gift certificate.

"Best Dill Pickle in Beverly Hills". 11 contestants. Second Place for Kosher Dill Cucumber pickles, a nice ribbon and another $100 gift certificate.


Traditional Russian/Ukrainian/Georgian Fermented Watermelon Pickles.

Watermelon Pickles--take a closer look

These are on the Slow Food Arc of Taste. Read about it here. >>>>

These pickles received high praise and compliments from the competition staff, judges, and the BH Farmers Market staff.

These were lightly fermented for 1-1/2 days on the counter before being placed in the refrigerator to slow down the fermentation.

Transported on ice and served ice cold during the judging.

I left the rest of the batch to continue fermenting on the counter until I got back from the competition, 4 days total. When I got home the jar was bubbling like a mad science laboratory experiment, in the process of vigorous full fermentation.

The resulting long ferment wedges have lost their refreshing, lightly sweet character and now more closely resemble traditional Kosher Dill Pickles.

The sweetness of the watermelon has been entirely converted to lactic acid, replacing the delicious sweet and savory, briny flavors.

Now heavier in kosher pickle taste with more aggressive flavors and the spices went from subtle background notes to up front, in your face and objectionable.

A not-so-tasty reminder that spices "bloom" with time, I won't do that again.

If you want to try the longer fermenting time, cut back on the allspice, dill and caraway seeds and the quantity of garlic.

I heartily recommend you do the short ferment version, make plenty, and taste frequently to help you decide when to place in the refrigerator.

Please make a large batch because you will likely sample your item away and have nothing left to serve to your friends.

Darrell's Prize Winning Pickles--front left.

This is the same recipe that Samantha and I demonstrated in our recent Slow Food Ways with Watermelon class.

Lightly fermented watermelon wedges with an assortment of vegetables, spices and herbs, these are savory, not sweet.

Made with the entire watermelon, they do not resemble the sugar-sweet watermelon rind pickles of the Deep South.

HINT #1: The process does not require any specialized fermentation equipment. I fermented mine in an 8-liter Cambro plastic bucket on the kitchen counter, weighted down with a plate, and covered tightly with plastic wrap.

HINT #2: Buy a good quality plain yogurt with live, active cultures.

Voskos, Chobani, Fage, Brown Cow, etc... Not Yoplait, Dannon, or the store brand.

The exception to the store brand rule is Trader Joe's. They source from top quality producers and their intent is to provide the best quality not the lowest price.

Some of their yogurts are sourced from Brown Cow and Voskos. This was confirmed in a conversation with a yogurt sales representative I met in a Gelson's store. I suspect that Trader Joe's may get a couple more from Chobani and Greek God because of the identical ingredient lists. Still working on it.

Leave it on the counter for a couple of hours before making this recipe so the whey separates.

Mix a teaspoon or so of the clear whey in the brine just before adding it to the watermelon mix.

This will insure that you have the necessary bacteria for a successful fermentation.

The bacterial cultures used by yogurt companies are pure and are chosen to be consistent and, I suspect, especially for their vigor.

HINT #3: Serve ice cold in the brine. Put your jar or serving bowl in an ice bath with a set of tongs.

Do not drain them, or serve at room temp.

The flavor and refreshing quality is enhanced when served cold, dripping wet, fresh from the brine.

Here is a recipe to get you started. >>>>



Traditional Fermented Whole Kosher Dill Cucumbers.

This is the second time that these have scored Second Place.

The 2 time second place finish is a great reason you should try making these.

The first time I was disappointed, but now I feel that fermented dills are at a slight disadvantage versus vinegar quick pickles.

In my opinion, fermented dill pickles are a somewhat difficult, finicky item that isn't on everyone's flavor palette.

Difficult to time for a good cure and still retain a crisp texture, temperature is a major factor in the fermentation time. Warm weather requires close attention to the process.

Most people are now on the Claussen, Vlasic, industrial food, vinegar quick pickle bandwagon. Commercial producers use crisping agents to keep that extra crunch.

Fermented cucumber pickles will always be somewhat softer than vinegar quick pickles.

I make these because I like them. You should give them a try.

Again, no special equipment is needed. I used a bale-type preservation jar with the lid left loose so the CO2 doesn't build pressure and break the jar.

Cheap and easy to make, and quite expensive to buy.

Comparable Bubbies Kosher Dills are running close to $8.50 for a 28 oz. jar.

Persian cucumbers are typically $1.00/lb. From $.50 to $1.50 on average.

Cucumbers, salt, water, fresh garlic, fresh dill and dill seed.

Naturally present lactic acid producing bacteria provide the necessary acid to preserve the pickles.

Hint #1: You can “cheat” by using the yogurt whey starter as outlined above. Mine fully fermented in 2½ days.

The directions are here. >>>>>

Give these a try. A good place to start.



One additional lesson observed.

If you want to enter a food competition, pick food items with wide appeal.

Avoid items with strong "Love It or Hate It" flavor profiles.

Two judges obviously did not care for the kimchi, not so subtly spitting their tasting samples into their napkins.

Ditto for two different samples of pickled onions.

I don't know if the contestants saw this, but it might have been painful to watch.

Just because you love it, that doesn't make it worthy of the time and effort to enter it in a competition.

Consider your choices carefully and be sure to test them out on a larger audience.

It would be unreasonable to expect a judge to score your item favorably if they don't like it.


-- Darrell Fluman



Posted on Monday, October 8, 2018 at 11:15 AM

A Good Source For Emergency Preparedness Information On Food And Water

Are you prepared for and emergency?  Do you have a 3 day supply of emergency food and water on hand? Do you have supplies for a week? Two Weeks?

Utah State University (USU) recommends one gallon of water per person, per day, for drinking and hygiene. If you live in a hot arid area like we do, you should store more water per person, per day. And don't forget food and water for your household pets and/or livestock!

The home canner has a wonderful resource at her/his fingertips:  home canning experience and skills. A home canner can preserve food at home by pressure and boiling-water bath canning and dehydration to store in an emergency. If home preserved in glass jars these supplies would be specifically stored in a place to minimize jar breakage and maximize access during the emergency. You can keep three day food/water kits in your home or car trunks, to be rotated in and out of service at regular intervals.

A home canner can also preserve water. Water, as it comes from a municipal supply, is good to store in food-safe gallon jugs (page 1), according to USU; just fill from the tap and screw on the lids. To increase safety for longer term storage, water may be heat treated in sealed jars as instructed in "Water: Storage and Emergency Use", page 2, from the USU. Sounds like a good use for all those quart jars so often see in thrift shops.

The above is just a little information contained on the USU site "Food Storage". Please take a look and download their booklet "A Guide To Food Storage For Emergencies" for more information; just click on the picture of the booklet.


Posted on Sunday, September 30, 2018 at 6:00 AM
Tags: emergency (1), food (3), preparedness (1), preserving (19), storage (1), water (1)

First storyPrevious 5 stories  |  Next 5 stories | Last story

Webmaster Email: